Accutane is a vitamin A derivative medication aimed at treatment of severe cases of acne. It is usually applied when no other preparation works. The number of Accutane bad side effects makes the threats prevail the benefits if used in patients with less severe cases of the ailment. The drug should be taken twice a day for about 15-20 weeks. Nevertheless, the duration of the therapy may be prolonged if low doses of the medicine are prescribed.
Retinoid drugs may lead to numerous adverse reactions in patients administering them. Isotretinoin, which is the active component of the remedy, may affect almost all organs and systems. Among Accutane common side effects are:
- Dryness, redness, and peeling of the skin;
- Dryness of the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and lips;
- Cracked and peeling lips;
- Back pain and pain in the joints;
- Inflammation of the eyeball;
- Worsening of the hair and nails condition;
Your doctor may tell you more about the side effects that you may experience. Hence, you’d better talk to him or her prior to taking the drug.
How does Isotretinoin affect the nervous system?
The interconnection between Isotretinoin and emotional side effects is rather noticeable. Individuals, taking the medication, report about:
- Aggressive behavior;
- Frequent mood changes;
- Difficulties concentrating;
- Problems with falling asleep and insomnia;
- Crying for no reason;
- Suicidal thoughts and attempts.
Furthermore, the remedy may induce a number of other negative reactions connected with the central nervous system:
- Headache (light and severe);
- Vision changes (blurred vision, poor night vision);
- Ringing in the ears, lowering or loss of hearing;
- Excessive tiredness;
- Sudden numbness on one side of the body (it may signal about stroke).
Every case is individual and your body may react to Accutane somehow differently. Consult with your healthcare provider or call an emergency help if you notice any hazardous effects.
What are the effects of the remedy on the reproductive system?
When used by women, the medication is dangerous only in case of pregnancy as it induces severe malformations in the fetus and may lead to its death. This is the main reason why Accutane intake is forbidden in expecting mothers.
Every woman of reproductive age must use at least two birth control methods to prevent pregnancy. One of them should be hormonal (e.g. hormonal intrauterine device or birth control pills) and the other one – a barrier method (e.g. condoms). Pregnancy tests should be done every 30 days during the therapy.
Speaking about the male’s sexual functions, there have been several reports about the reduction of libido. The connection between Accutane and erectile dysfunction has been proven by the cases of impotence, which coincide in time with the therapy.
Does the medication induce any long-term effects?
There is little reliable information concerning Accutane long term side effects. Nevertheless, recent studies claim that the use of low doses of the remedy for the time exceeding the usual duration of treatment (15-20weeks) is safer, while the effect remains the same.